Neuromuscular scoliosis can also develop in individuals due to birth defects or conditions such as: muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, or spina bifida. ... Risk factors of scoliosis. Methods: A computerized database identified a cohort of 151 patients with neuromuscular scoliosis who underwent corrective surgery and had a minimum of two years follow-up. 3. Spine. In this type of scoliosis, the curving of the spine is likely to continue and progress into adulthood. Sponseller, Paul D., MD; LaPorte, ... Of the 10 risk factors tested, 2 were found to be significant: degree of cognitive impairment and use of allograft. Other types of scoliosis could be caused by the following: Neuromuscular conditions such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy Master DL, Son-Hing JP, Poe-Kochert C, et al. However, the associated risk factors have not been statistically significant. This is in comparison to idiopathic scoliosis that occurs in 2-4% of the general population. ... Risk factors for idiopathic scoliosis and its progression (worsening of the curvature) include the following: Female gender; Family history of scoliosis; Neuromuscular scoliosis is caused by a problem with the nerves and muscles of the body. Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Deep wound infections after neuromuscular scoliosis surgery: A multicenter study of risk factors and treatment outcomes'. It develops because there is another disorder affecting the body, such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, or spina bifida. There are a few different risk factors for developing scoliosis including: Age:Usually, signs and symptoms of scoliosis occur when your child is growing or during a growth spurt. 2011;36(7):564-571. Scoliosis Medicine & Life Sciences They analyzed demographic, clinical, and radiographic variables to elucidate risk factors for progressive neuromuscular scoliosis. Master DL , Connie PK, Jochen SH, et al. The curves caused by neuromuscular scoliosis are usually severe, and affect the entire length of the spine. Study Design. Epidemiology including risk factors and primary prevention. Any medical condition that affects the nerves and muscles can lead to scoliosis. But, other instances can also lead to scoliosis. Neuromuscular scoliosis: The spine may also curve due to specific abnormalities of the nervous or musculoskeletal system, such as cerebral palsy, Marfan syndrome, or neurofibromatosis. Neuromuscular scoliosis (NMS) is associated with progressive restrictive lung disease and an increased risk of prolonged ventilation following surgery. [74] Lipton GE, , Miller F, , Dabney KW, , Altiok H, , Bachrach SJ. Neuromuscular Scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:PJK is a common cause of reoperation in adult deformity but has been less well reported in pediatric neuromuscular scoliosis. Factors predicting postoperative complications following spinal fusions in children with cerebral palsy. Scoliosis Causes and Risk Factors. 1999; 12(3): 197-205. Sex: As mentioned previously, although boys and girls can develop scoliosis, girls have a higher risk … ... Armstrong DG, Thompson GH. The current study aimed to evaluate complications associated with surgical correction of neuromuscular scoliosis and to characterize potential risk factors. In comparison, neuromuscular scoliosis often causes a more-severe spinal deformity, has a more progressive course, and is more disabling due to the deformity combined with the effects of the underlying disease. People with neuromuscular scoliosis are at risk for significant complications, including lung and heart problems. Media Gallery Neuromuscular scoliosis. This study reports the experiences of a single institution and evaluates whether preoperative pulmonary function tests (PFT) can predict the development of postoperative pulmonary complications. Neuromuscular scoliosis classically involves the entire thoracolumbar spine, often extending to the pelvis and causing pelvic obliquity. To identify risk factors for infection, and to characterize the infections in terms of infecting organisms and response to treatment. A retrospective case–control study evaluating risk factors for infection, causative organisms, and results of treatment in patients with cerebral palsy or myelomeningocele who underwent fusion for scoliosis was performed. Scoliosis risk factors. Perioperative complications and risk factors in neuromuscular scoliosis surgery. Scoliosis risk factors include age (9- to 15-year-olds), female sex, and family history. Spinal Muscular Atrophy – It is a neuromuscular disease which results in weakness of the muscles. Neuromuscular scoliosis. Diagnosis is done by the physical exam and by imaging techniques such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI. 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