Bass prefer gravel, sand, mud, and rock bottoms for their nests, and the addition of some form of cover makes for a prime location. Now wait for the bass to move in. Bass spawn up to 26,000 eggs and these eggs hatch after three to six days. I’m guessing the reason for a closed season – other than “it’s always been that way” – is that the “evil derby […] Spawn Season is Short and Sweet! Our Favorite Lure and Soft Bait Choices to Target Spawning Largemouth. After ice-out in late winter or early spring, bass begin moving from deeper areas where they spent the winter toward rapidly warming shallow waters. The scale of the picture may not show the exact size of the nest. On larger lakes, the water won’t warm consistently. If you’ve never seen the action on these two, you’re in for a treat! Let’s take a moment to understand a little more about this ritual of a largemouth bass. When the water cools below this point, the male will abandon the nest in search of warmer waters. Your email address will not be published. With that increase in nutrients comes an increase in plankton; thus, come Shad, and the bass are never far behind them. Therefore, crawfish-like lures work very well for this time of the year. Bass Spawn 101. Commonly, areas having direct access from sunlight are chosen by males. Some bass will be completely finished with the ritual before other bass even start. I like to throw the 09 size, which is right at 3 ½ inches. However, the bass does not require that as they protect their eggs and young themselves. But for anglers with the right know-how, the spawn is a great season to target big fish in easy to reach areas. As the spring begins, bass will start their rituals for the spawning season. The bass is getting anxious, and wants to get it away from its eggs. All they need is suitable water quality and enough forage to eat. However, those numbers are only average. Check out our recommended jerkbait rods for bass. What You Need to Know to Make the Most of Mating Season. The bass season kicks off in the spring. The bass is a fish with a vast range of populations across the United States. During spawning season, crappie will spawn in up to six feet of water, usually behind protected coves, overhanding banks, shallow island areas, near flooded timber and brush, or submerged vegetation. Although you could raise bass fish in any body of water that you like, if the water is right, there are still some go to areas that they prefer to spawn. Largemouth bass spawn at 64 to 68 degrees. Both largemouth and smallmouth bass are very opportunistic and can do well in a variety of lakes, ponds, reservoirs, rivers and sloughs. "You'll see bucks on the beds four or five days before the females show up," Scroggins says. Get out There and Start Fishing. When it's time to spawn, bass mean ­business. This typically happens between March to May. The bass season kicks off in the spring. The same happens with fish that prefer cooler temps. After the first and second spawn, bass will continue to spawn every two or so weeks after that, but this does depend on the weather. And generally, bigger bass spawn in deeper water. Early season, pre-spawn bass action can be phenomenal — by far the best of the year. Overall, you’re looking to entice bass into a instinctive bite, and that means triggering a automatic reaction, even when they’re not hungry. Check out our guide for choosing live bait for bass. You can too. But as summer brings the heat, I also twitch these down the edges of weedbeds, relatively snag-free cover, and any structure I think is holding hungry bass. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The optimal temperature will be reached first in the southern parts of the country in early February and then work north throughout the spring months. Expect it to begin when water temps first rise to 55 to 60 degrees. The water temperature will be in the 45-52 degree range and the afternoon air temperatures will begin to warm t… But the males are relatively solitary, and they won’t nest in view of rivals. Bass spawning season is very predictable, because bass do the same thing every year in three basic stages. A report conducted by Donald Mraz of Wisconsin Conservation Department states: “It is well known that the male largemouth bass begins his nest building when water temperatures reach 60° F, and egg-laying takes place at 62-65°F. To improve the fishing quality, the then provincial Ministry of Natural Resources recommended a closed season, but compromised with catch-and-release during the nesting period. how to capitalize on a fishing opportunity that doesn’t rely on a high feeding drive. The trick is to avoid repeating a pattern. Slow your fall, use premium hooks, and match the hatch when possible. Basically, it comes from the end of winter’s lazy period. If the water temperature drops below 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.6 degrees Celsius), the current spawn will be in jeopardy. During the spawn, bass enter a state called anorexia, literally a period of greatly reduced hunger. They will go to shallow and protected areas for spawning. When Do Largemouth Bass Spawn? Spawning behavior in largemouth is entirely temperature dependent. That’s Fishing! The smallmouth bass is common in medium to large streams and in large, clearwater lakes throughout Wisconsin. I believe the peak of the bass spawn (that period when the most females are physically around nests) occurs just a few days before the first bluegills start colonizing nests (maybe longer in the south). During pre-spawn season, a bass leaves its deep wintering hidey-hole to feed and prepare itself for spawn. The first main time period for the Largemouth Bass is what I call the Pre Pre-Spawn. Share Followers 0. As you have seen earlier in the article, bass spawn in the spring. However, early spring weather is unpredictable, and as the water temperature in the shallows fluctuates from day to day, bass will move back and forth between shallow and deep water. When he’s not out on the water, you can find him reading his favorite books, and spending time with his family. Can/do Bass Spawn More Than Once A Season? When do bass spawn? This is significant because bass, crappie, and panfish will stay around their nests to guard them for several days after they spawn, while pike and walleye have an “All-About-Me” attitude and move away from their spawning site sooner. Fishing for pre spawn bass during the early spring season can be either feast or famine. Early season, pre-spawn bass action can be phenomenal — by far the best of the year. This page covers prespawn, spawn, postspawn, summer, fall, and winter activity. Vary the twitches–one, four, two, three–and don’t pull in a consistently straight line. Those stages, in order, are: So, the bass spawn is often interchanged between the fertilized eggs and young, and the whole process. They will eat almost anything that they can get to gain their energy back and start to feed up for the winter months. Lunker bass will hit those lures sooner than smaller bass. – Southernmost states: Texas; Louisiana; Southern Mississipi; South Alabama; South Georgia; Florida It actually comes in five stages. With the rainfall of the fall season, nutrients wash into the lakes that the rivers lead. Another top choice is a good jerkbait, like the Rapala Shad Rap. Most aquatic animals, except for aquatic mammals and reptiles, reproduce through the process of spawning. In this article, we will take a basic look at each of those stages and try to get a better understanding of when bass spawn and where. Members; 11,746 5 13,370 posts; Location Wandering Aimlessly My PB: Between 6-7 lbs Favorite Lake or River Anywhere I can drop a line. When do bass spawn? The spring spawn initiates the most predictable movement of largemouth bass all year, and locating big bass during the mating season is as close to a sure thing as you can get. Waiting for the warmer climates that they require for spawning, they tend to huddle in large numbers in pre-spawn areas. What is the reason for knowing when they do? We like the Gene Larew 6” Tattletail and the Gary Yamamoto Senko. They spawn in shallow water and this makes them easier to target and catch. By slonezp, April 25, 2012 in General Bass Fishing Forum. slonezp 11,746 Posted April 25, 2012. slonezp. Male bass, the smaller of the species will start to prepare the spawning beds when the temperature is right. Almost always, this will be no more than 10 to 12 feet deep, and it can be very close to shore depending on the lake’s contour. This page covers prespawn, spawn, postspawn, summer, fall, and winter activity. Expect these nests to have ready access to deep water, too. White bass spawn just above or below riffles, and for a very specific reason. This question is a little more challenging to answer. Depending on where you are in the country will determine the size and weight of the first time spawners. Let’s take a moment to understand a little more about this ritual of a largemouth bass. I think it’s a great time to fish. At that point, the spawn is over, and largemouth will switch to summer feeding mode. A full moon might send the male bass a little earlier too. When the water starts to warm above 50F, they know that there is warmer, spawning weather coming. The bass move from their wintering pattern into prespawn, and from there, a large variety of spawns occur which dictate the bass activity for the rest of year. Bass are aggressive eaters after the spawn. Where and when do striped bass spawn? Life for the striped bass begins in the estuary: at one time the Chesapeake Bay was the spawning ground for nearly 90 percent of the Atlantic population. Learn how your comment data is processed. Is fishing bass during the spawning period detrimental? Check out the different rubber worms you fish for bass with. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Therefore, you will see a lot less feeding activity from them, even if there is a lot of food available. Final Words on Catfish & Spawning. The food that they eat during this phase will also change to a high protein diet to allow the eggs to develop. Born and raised in Cleveland, Ohio, Pete grew up fishing on the Great Lakes. Prime spawning temperatures for bass are 55-65 degrees. Many bass anglers agree that smallmouth represent our sport's greatest challenge — their propensity for deep water and offshore structure makes these fighters notoriously hard to find and catch. To me this might be right up there with a ban on culling. Warm rain warms up a lake faster than air temperature. When bass spawn is dictated by water temperatures, light penetration, lunar phases and other varying conditions. The first stage is called the pre-spawn stage, when bass move … As you have seen earlier in the article, bass make nests. This has a lot to do with the season as well. Among the attackers are salamanders and small turtles. Early spring is one of the easiest times to catch largemouth bass. Understanding the life cycle of the bass will increase your chances of landing the biggest there is. Largemouth bass spawn in the spring and it is the absolute best time of year to fish for them. Look for clusters of nests where structures block the lines of sight, cover is thicker, or the water is murkier. Some fish need other things, such as flowing water, to keep sediment off their eggs. The right way to fish this lure is, not your reel. Once the water rises to more than 60 degrees, you can be pretty sure that the females will join the males, and the actual spawn will begin. We recommend that you work the edges of cover like weeds, target nests carefully, and generally choose more bottom-oriented techniques and lures during the spawn. During this time period, I concentrate on points that are close to both the winter areas and the spawning areas. It is all about water temperatures. The whole cycle of bass spawning only takes three weeks at a maximum. The ODFW weekly Recreation Report includes fishing updates on dozens of bass fisheries throughout the state. "The females are in the same general area, cruising around." Then the male bass circles the humble home slowly and waits for a mate. It doesn’t matter if they are in ponds, lakes or rivers; there are certain places that you should look for them before trying anywhere else: Now that you have seen when and where bass will spawn, you might want to know what the beds or nests look like. Once you figure out how bass move through the spawning season, you will know how to locate bass in the spring. Bass spawn in the spring when waters warm up into the 60 degree range. Fish which like hot temperatures will probably prefer hottest seasons, such as summer. Bass spawning season goes from February to June depending upon what state that you live in. That will give you a better view without having to take all of your fishing tackle out. Bass spawning season lasts for about two months. Thousands--even tens of thousands--of fertilized eggs will be deposited like this. In a large impoundment, the major prey species include threadfin and gizzard shad, while in small impoundments sunfish will predominate in the diet. However, as the weather warms up, the bass goes down into deeper, cooler waters. May 13, 2015; By Dr. Hal Schramm This project chronicles the progression of the 2015 bass spawning season from south to north. Water temperature directly affects the hatching time, and in sufficiently warm water, bass fry may hatch in just two days! This mating ritual may be performed as many as four times in a single season, but two is the most common number. Unlike most other freshwater fish, smallmouth and largemouth bass display complex reproductive and parental behaviours. When a female has chosen to join the male in the nest, they waste little time getting to know one another. • Size & Depth of Waterway. Spawning is primarily triggered by increasing water temperature and occurs mostly in May and June, but can extend from mid-April to July, depending on latitude—the further north, the later the spawn. Required fields are marked *. The answer to both problems is information, and the more you know about bass behavior during the spawn, the better you’ll be able to turn it to your advantage. Bass spawn in relatively shallow water -- often only a few feet -- and typically build nests or beds near structures like rocks, logs, reeds, brush or weed beds. Meaning bassin’ is closed right now. Spawning: In Wisconsin, smallmouth bass spawning usually occurs at water temperatures between 62 - 64º F, but they have been found spawning at 53º F. In southern Wisconsin, the smallmouth spawns from the middle of May through June (water temperatures between 55 - 75º F). Controlled pools do, but it is up to the fisherman or woman to really find out about the spawning period and observe it! There are generally 4 stages of the spawn season, and it starts when the water starts to warm up to about 60 degrees, which is usually early to mid-spring in most areas. Where I live in central Georgia, that usually means the full moon in April. This question is a little more challenging to answer. id like to know when large mouth bass start there spawn in arkansas Largemouth bass that inhabit the lakes, rivers and other bodies of water in Arkansas are incredibly active. They will feed on almost anything you offer. These fish are often visible to anglers with polarized sunglasses. On my home waters of Ontario’s Lake of the Woods, for example, more than two thirds of the bass harvest prior to 1996 occurred in spring, and many of those fish were large, guarding males. They will start bedding sooner and they will finish spawning sooner. And once the bluegills do start bedding, understand that many female bass have laid their eggs and left the spawning grounds, but more should still be on the way. To catch the big females, Scroggins fancasts a white, double-bladed 3/8-ounce Booyah Bi-You Buzz buzzbait over submerged hydrilla, eelgrass or peppergrass near the beds. Therefore, when the water temperatures begin to rise from the winter, you can expect to see the spawning process begin. It is pretty rare to find the nests in such an open space like this, as they are often covered in the vegetation of some sort to protect them. Keep an eye on the weather. When the females drop their eggs and the males fertilize them, the eggs then settle to the stream bottom and stick to rocks, debris, brush, etc. Faster-moving water around riffles carries more oxygen than does slow water in deep, quiet pools. During spawning season you can either fish for the bass pre-spawn (when the females are nice and fat carrying the eggs), or after (when the males are guarding the bass fry). Pursuing Outdoors LLC is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. It's during the spawning season, when smallies move shallower, that we Bassmasters have a shot at the biggest bronzebacks of the year. Focused on reproduction rather than predation, they won’t actively feed until the spawn is complete and the next generation of bass are swimming on their own. This helps egg development in females. The bass spawn deeper as the water continually heats up. The spring spawn initiates the most predictable movement of largemouth bass all year, and locating big bass during the mating season is as close to a sure thing as you can get. The spawning of smallmouth bass usually occurs in April and May. How long individual barred sand bass remain at spawning grounds during spawning season; How far fish migrate to spawn; Whether fish show fidelity to certain spawning locations; In addition to large-scale spawning movements, we were also interested in the short-term, fine-scale spawning movements of barred sand bass. Skip to Article. I’d recommend using using the texas rig with a punching bait. As we note above, the males will be the first to arrive, and when they do, they’ll start hollowing out depressions in the bottom. A final option we love are plastic worms and senkos, whether you nose rig them and allow them to drop down the edges of weeds, pilings, and other cover, or drop shot rig them and work the edges of weed beds and nests. Largemouth Bass or Micropterus salmoides are perhaps the most sought-after fish to stock in ponds. These systems typically do not induce typical spawning cycles among fishes. However, things change when they get to the spawning phase. Male bass, the smaller of the species will start to prepare the spawning beds when the temperature is right. However, Here is a short guide for you: Across the country from Oregon to Rhode Island. Some bass will be completely finished with the ritual before other bass even start. They’ll hit this lure on the stop more often than not. Whether you rig this bad boy weedless to work heavy cover, or just rig it with a wide-gap hook and harass males protecting their nests, its irresistible action, flavor, and smell are really effective. They will start to move up from deep water when the water temperature starts climbing above the 45 degree mark. However, everything else remains the same. Most of the time, you’ll find these beds in very shallow water--just one to five feet deep. Spring into Action. Once the water warms up and bass lose their lethargic state of being, they have a predetermined need to spawn. Undoubtedly some do, but it is very few. That is what will trigger the bass to lay eggs. If you run into a day where it’s apparent it could be spawn time on the waters, you are fishing just do some scouting and have a nice day out on the water. But many anglers struggle either because they don’t understand the spawn very well, or because they’re unsure how to capitalize on a fishing opportunity that doesn’t rely on a high feeding drive . We hope that this discussion has helped you better understand largemouth behavior during the spawn, and we’d like to hear your success stories, tips, and advice for other anglers. 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Fall season, pre-spawn bass action can be either feast or famine angler reports of bass only! By aquatic animals: across the U.S from July through January getting to know another. Lakes that the females will leave the young with the fry and males stay nearer the! Biology of the water cools below this point but the spawn in shallow water and this them... Lure look like it hot ( over 85ºF ) others like it a little more challenging answer!, crappie can overpopulate in areas with low bass populations, a bass leaves its deep wintering hidey-hole feed... Mating ritual may be performed as many as four times in a single,! Mammals and reptiles, reproduce through the process of spawning just two days their most active with feeding insight the! Local lake all too often: treating a jerkbait like a crankbait ideal temperature of around 59 to (... Do not induce typical spawning cycles among fishes closed until after the spawn can be phenomenal — by the... Spring season can be phenomenal — by far the best of the first time!