As part of the History Hub.ie podcast series Professor Michael Laffan (UCD) explores the national and international circumstances of Ireland before Easter Week, 1916. There was also a declaration of martial law earlier that week. The Easter Rising was a rebellion in Dublin, Ireland at Easter in 1916.It started on April 24, 1916 and ended on April 29, 1916.It was carried out by members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood and members of the Irish Citizens Army. The evidence suggests that people were concerned about the tactics of known Republicans such as Patrick Pearse and James Connolly … on Sackville Street (later O’Connell Street), Dublin in the aftermath of the 1916 Rising’. He looks at the reasons for the Rising from the perspectives of public opinion, popularity and democracy and considers how one might now appraise the Rising. British artillery bombardments compelled Pearse and his colleagues to surrender on April 29. The Easter Rising was a rebellion lasting from April 24th to April 30th 1916. It was the most significant uprising in Ireland since the rebellion of 1798 and the first armed conflict of the Irish revolutionary period. The Easter Rising was unpopular with many Irish people. Easter Rising 1916 – why it happened when it did Share Tweet There had been numerous rebellions in the past, starting with the Irish Bruce Wars of 1315-18, which saw Irish chieftains trying to overthrow the English monarchy and install Edward Bruce from Scotland as king. Similarly, there is much disagreement about James Connolly’s role in the Easter Rising. There is no arguing that the Easter Rising, in its entirety, was a complete military failure. Omissions? Professor Laffan is the author of The Resurrection of Ireland: the Sinn Féin Party, 1916-1923 (Cambridge Press) and The Partition of Ireland, 1911-1925 (Historical Association of Ireland). He looks at the reasons for the Rising … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He looks at the reasons for the Rising from the perspectives of public opinion, popularity and democracy. Pearse and 14 other leaders of the rebellion were court-martialed and executed by British authorities in the weeks that followed. Newman Building On April 24 their forces seized the Dublin General Post Office and other strategic points in Dublin’s city centre, and Pearse read aloud a proclamation announcing the birth of the Irish republic. Lenin, Connolly had successfully placed socialism at the vanguard of the nationalist struggle. Prof Michael Laffan (UCD) explores the national and international circumstances of Ireland before Easter Week, 1916. The original idea was to have a national uprising (with German aid) on Easter Sunday. Corrections? The Easter Rising changed all that. The Rising Sparked Public Support for Irish Independence. The Easter Rising is so-called because it started on Easter Monday, the 24th of April 1916. Dublin 4 It began on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, in Dublin, Ireland. Why was there an Easter Rising? Easter Monday was on the 24th of April in 1916. The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week, 1916. The insurrection was planned by Patrick Pearse, Tom Clarke, and several other leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, which was a revolutionary society within the nationalist organization called the Irish Volunteers; the latter had about 16,000 members and was armed with German weapons smuggled into the country in 1914. Why did a radical Marxist support a rebellion led by Catholic nationalists? British troops soon arrived to put down the rebellion, and for nearly a week Dublin was paralyzed by street fighting. But at the time, in Easter week 1916, it was an action taken in defiance of public opinion. Up to 1914, most Irish nationalists aspired to no more than Home Rule, a very limited measure of local government that would have left all important matters in the hands of the British government at Westminster. Subscribe to our mailing list to receive updates on new History Hub posts. But that had to be abandoned when the Irish Volunteers cancelled the manoeuvres that were to be a … Just follow the links below. Belfield In 1912 he persuaded the British Parliament to pass a Home Rule Bill giving Ireland limited autonomy. When the rising broke out on Easter Monday 1916, it was destined to be a much smaller affair than what had originally been planned. Prof Michael Laffan (UCD) explores the national and international circumstances of Ireland before Easter Week, 1916. Our podcasts cover a huge variety of topics ranging from the Middle Ages to the new millennium. Why did the Easter Rising of 1916 fail? The first day of the Easter Rising, Monday, April 24, 1916, saw some 1,200 volunteer soldiers of the Irish Volunteers take over positions in the centre of Dublin, launching the week-long revolution known as the Easter Rising Volunteer positions. 1. From our perspective today it’s easy to forget that that not everyone in Ireland in 1916 wanted to overthrow British rule and many people were unhappy about the Easter Rising. But perhaps the main significance of the Rising was the huge consequences that emanated from it. The Rising was mounted by Irish republicans to end British rule in Ireland, secede from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and establish an ind… The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week in April 1916. There were several reasons for this. Updates? For 100 years, the Easter Rising has occupied center stage in the memory making of republican Ireland. The Easter Rising, or Easter Rebellion, was an Irish republican insurrection against British government in Ireland. The Easter Rising signaled the start of the republican revolution in Ireland. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... British soldiers behind an improvised barricade of barrels during the Easter Rising, 1916. The Easter Rising was the beginning of the Irish war for independence.… Ireland: The 20th-century crisis …the rising took place, on Easter Monday 1916, only about 1,000 men and women were actually engaged. Ironically, though many in what is now the south wanted independence, they did not support the ways of movements such as the Fenians and the IRB. The rising lasted until the 30th of April 1916. [email protected] 103 years ago, on Easter week, the 1916 Rising took place bringing the fight for Ireland's independent to Dublin's streets. It was the Easter Rising that brought republicanism from the margins to the mainstream of Irish nationalism. The Easter Rising: The English began to rule over Ireland beginning in 1542 when the English king, Henry VIII, declared himself king of Ireland. Success or failure in anything at all depends on 3 factors: Timing, Point of view, Long term affects. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Why was there an Easter Rising? Was the rising undemocratic? The 1916 Rising largely ended Irish Party leader John Redmond’s dream of Home Rule. Listen to ‘Why was there an Easter Rising?‘, Image: ‘The shell of the G.P.O. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Though the uprising itself had been unpopular with most of the Irish people, these executions excited a wave of revulsion against the British authorities and turned the dead republican leaders into martyred heroes. University College Dublin Subscribe to our mailing list to receive updates on new History Hub posts, UCD School of History The result, a month later, in January 1919; The First Dáil. The rebellion was quickly crushed by British forces and was considered a failure at first. Given the population of Dublin and the surrounding area, comparatively few people took part in the rebellion. It was the most significant action by Irish republicans for almost 120 years, the last major uprising being the 1798 United Irish Rebellion. Source: National Library of Ireland on The Commons (Life goes on…Uploaded by russavia) [see page for license], via Wikimedia Commons. Eoin MacNeill, the leader of the Irish Volunteers, therefore canceled mobilization orders for the insurgents, but Pearse and Clarke went ahead with about 1,560 Irish Volunteers and a 200-man contingent of the Citizen Army. Because Eamon de Valera was the senior survivor of the rising, he gained much of his personal popularity with the Irish people from that event. It has been referred to as 'The Irish War for Independence' and was the pivotal event in ultimately securing independence for the Republic of Ireland. The Easter Rising was an Irish rebellion against British rule staged in Dublin in April 1916, which accelerated moves toward securing Ireland's freedom from the British Empire. Easter Rising, also called Easter Rebellion, Irish republican insurrection against British government in Ireland, which began on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, in Dublin. The Easter Rising of 1916 The Easter Rising of 1916 had profound and far-reaching effects on Ireland's subsequent history. The centennial, then, was celebrated on the Monday after Easter even though it technically was more than two weeks before April 24th, the actual 100th anniversary of the Rising. The British capture of a shipment of German arms on 21st April 1916 greatly reduced its scale outside the capital. The Irish Volunteers were formed in 1913 in response to the blocking of Home Rule, or self governance, by the Ulster Volunteers. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Two and a half years later, in December 1918, Irish nationalists voted overwhelmingly for the Sinn Féin party which was committed to the ideals of the Easter Rising. But the role of Irish soldiers in World War I had been all but forgotten -- until now. Why was there an Easter Rising? The Following is sourced from Wikipedia. It was done to protest against British rule in Ireland.. At first, the Irish had planned to have a larger number of men attack the city. Or did it? Even once it had started, few Dubliners took the opportunity to join the rebels. The Easter Rising was virtually confined to Dublin. Here are some of them: The rebels were short of weapons and ammunition, because the day before the weapons and ammunition were due to arrive in County Kerry from Germany and were captured by Britain. The insurrection was planned by Patrick Pearse, Tom Clarke, and several other leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. The original idea was to have a national uprising (with German aid) on Easter Sunday. A provisional Irish government was proclaimed. But that had to be abandoned when the Irish Volunteers cancelled the manoeuvres that were to be a cover for the uprising. It continued throughout Easter week until Saturday the 29th of April. The Timing of the Easter Rising did or did not take place at the right period in time? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. These two organizations were supplemented by the Irish Citizen Army, an association of Dublin workers formed after the failure of the general strike of 1913, and by the small Sinn Féin party. There were speeches, wreath-layings, parades, and Irish sectarian disputes that outsiders have almost no chance of understanding. Two and a half years later, in December 1918, Irish nationalists voted overwhelmingly for the Sinn Féin party which was committed to the ideals of the Easter Rising. The Easter Rising of 1916 was an insurrection planned and executed by the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) and other Irish separatist groups. The Irish Civil War of 1922–3 occurred as a … Sixteen of … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This provided retrospective vindication for the Rising. Was the rising undemocratic? The changed political landscape in Ireland, after the Rising, could not … Answered September 30, 2020 I think the Easter rising was a failure because there were many reasons for it. & Archives Original research by historians, specially recorded for History Hub, is available to download. To sympathetic fellow-communists, such as V.I. This led to imprisonment of about 3,500 people, many of whom were innocent, along with rebel leaders, among them James Connolly, some of which were executed as a result of the courts-martial. The British had learned of the planned uprising and on April 21 arrested Irish nationalist Sir Roger Casement in County Kerry for running arms for the rebels. Professor Laffan’s course The Irish Revolution is available as a podcast series on iTunes and via RSS feed. The Easter Rising may have erupted suddenly in 1916 but it had a background of Irish discontent with British rule that dated back several hundred years. There had been numerous rebellions in the past, starting with the Irish Bruce Wars of 1315-18, which saw Irish chieftains trying to overthrow the English monarchy and install Edward Bruce from Scotland as king. The Rising. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Easter-Rising, History Learning Site - The 1916 Easter Rising, Natioanl Museum of Ireland - The Easter Rising: Understanding 1916, Easter Rising - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Easter Rising - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Why was the Easter Rising significant? How many of these facts did you know? The Easter Rising took place in Dublin, and a few outposts across the country, between Monday 24 April and Sunday 29 April, 1916. For additional information, please visit the GAC Library. The uprising was planned to be nationwide in scope, but a series of mishaps led to its being confined to Dublin alone. It comprised 1200 men and women from the Irish Volunteers, socialist group Irish Citizen Army & women from Cumman na mBan. On Easter Monday in 1916, the Easter rising began. Let’s look at the facts. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. …the rising took place, on Easter Monday 1916, only about 1,000 men and women were actually engaged. The Rising was launched by Irish republicans against British rule in Ireland with the aim of establishing an independent Irish Republic while the United Kingdom was fighting the First World War. During the Easter Rising, a total of 485 people were killed. The result, a month later, in … The General Post Office and other parts of Dublin were seized; street fighting continued for about a week until Tom Clarke, Patrick Pearse, and other republican leaders…. Is so-called because it started on Easter Sunday the Irish revolutionary period, and for nearly a week Dublin paralyzed... 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